What is Cardiomyopathy?

A cardiac condition that leads thickening and enlargement of the heart muscle. In rare and untreated cases, the heart muscle can be replaced with scar tissue. The main types of cardiomyopathy include dilated, hypertrophic, and restrictive.  Causes of dilated cardiomyopathy include hypertension, HIV, viral infection, diabetes, and sometimes no identifiable cause is known.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is an inherited form that can lead to sudden cardiac death in athletes.  Restrictive cardiomyopathy can be caused by buildup of iron (hemochromatosis), inflammation of organs (sarcoidosis), abnormal protein buildup (amyloidoisis).  As the cardiomyopathy worsens, the heart muscle can weaken and lead to dilation, arrhythmias, and pump failure.​

What are the Symptoms of Cardiomyopathy?

Symptoms associated with cardiomyopathy include the following:

  • Shortness of breath

  • Fatigue

  • Leg and abdominal swelling

  • Fainting

  • Dizziness or lightheadedness

  • Shortness of breath with minimal activity

How is Cardiomyopathy Diagnosed?

The following tests and procedures can be used to diagnose a cardiomyopathy:

What are the Treatments for Cardiomyopathy?

Various therapies maybe required to treat a cardiomyopathy including:

  • Low Salt Diet

  • Avoiding cardiotoxic agents (tobacco, alcohol, drugs)

  • Treatment of blood pressure 

  • Medications to strengthen the heart muscle

  • Alcohol Septal Ablation

  • Septal myomectomy

  • Pacemaker

  • ICD

  • LVAD

  • Heart Transplant



7777 Forest Lane

Care Tower A, Suite 341

Dallas, Texas 75230 


Main Phone: 972.566.5700

Main Fax: 844.290.4358

Dr. Oyenuga Phone: 972.566.5700

Dr. Oyenuga Fax: 844.290.4358

HOURS:  8:00 AM - 5:00 PM  |  M-F

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • YouTube
  • Pinterest
  • Instagram
  • LinkedIn
  • Blogger
  • kununu_icon_white_large
CPR Logo
HeartPlace Logo
Aspen Logo

Copyright © 2018 - 2020 HeartPlace.

All Rights Reserved.